What are the Different Types of Bioremediation?
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Some of the most common types of bioremediation are microbial bioremediation, phytoremediation, and mycoremediation. However, the word bioremediation has evolved in recent years to include biohazard removal and crime scene cleanup services. Although these branches of bioremediation share the same name, they vary drastically in both definition and execution.
Types of Bioremediation: A Closer Look
Bioremediation technology has made it possible to decontaminate soil and groundwater and has helped us clean up our oceans after oil spills and other environmental disasters. For a better understanding, let’s delve a little deeper into the classic types of bioremediation.
- Microbial bioremediation uses microorganisms to break down contaminants by using them as a food source.
- Phytoremediation uses plants to bind, extract, and clean up pollutants such as pesticides, petroleum hydrocarbons, metals, and chlorinated solvents.
- Mycoremediation uses fungi’s digestive enzymes to break down contaminants such as pesticides, hydrocarbons, and heavy metals.
There are several organizations who specialize in the remediation of environmental pollutants. As we delve deeper into bioremediation, specifically crime scene cleanup, it is important to mention that these fields do not overlap, and vary greatly in their methods and credentials.
Bioremediation in Crime Scene Cleanup
In this sense of the word, bioremediation means bio, as in biological material, and remediation, as in the correction of something. Building off of this definition, the goal of bioremediation (crime scene cleanup) is to rid a site of potential biohazards such as blood, body fluids, and communicable diseases. Rather than clean up a crime or trauma scene with bleach or ammonia—which can have harmful and negative effects on health and the environment—bioremediation companies often disinfect using enzyme cleaners that are less stringent.
In addition to using enzyme cleaners, professional biohazard remediation technicians complete a rigorous disinfection process, washing and disinfecting all potentially harmful biohazard materials from an impacted area. Improper treatment of blood and bodily fluids can lead to further health and safety risks, including outbreaks and structural damage to the property.
How does crime scene cleanup work?
At the request of the deceased’s family, biohazard remediation technicians (or commonly known as crime scene cleanup technicians) enter and assess a trauma site once law enforcement officials have processed the scene. The job of a biohazard remediation technician not only includes clean up of the blood and potential biohazards that are left behind, but also deodorization and complete disinfection of the scene.
Trauma and Biohazard Remediation Services
Aftermath is the industry leader in trauma cleanup and biohazard remediation for more than 20 years, restoring every trauma scene to hospital sanitization levels through the use of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) testing.
The goal of ATP is to identify the presence of organic material by measuring cellular energy molecules onsite. Again, it is important to note that this branch of bioremediation varies greatly from the classic definition of the word, and that Aftermath does not handle the remediation of environmental pollutants. When considering a trauma cleanup and biohazard remediation company, make sure to ask how the company tests disinfection levels. You can also read our 28-point checklist for a comprehensive list of certifications and licenses every professional crime scene cleanup company should have.
For more information about crime scene cleanup and non-environmental bioremediation, Call Aftermath today.